Establishment of british rule in india

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establishment of british rule in india

An Era of Darkness Quotes by Shashi Tharoor

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Published 13.10.2019

Crash Course Modern History - British East India Company from 1600 - 1857

The British had firmly established their position by the middle of the nineteenth century and a large part of India came under their direct rule.

British Raj

The past of the British Raj refers to the period of British rule on the Indian subcontinent between and The system of governance was instituted in when the rule of the East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria who in was proclaimed Empress of India. It lasted until , when the British provinces of India were partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan , leaving the princely states to choose between them. The two new dominions later became the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan the eastern half of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The province of Burma in the eastern region of the Indian Empire had been made a separate colony in and became independent in In the later half of the 19th century, both the direct administration of India by the British crown and the technological change ushered in by the industrial revolution , had the effect of closely intertwining the economies of India and Great Britain. Since Dalhousie had embraced the technological change then rampant in Great Britain, India too saw rapid development of all those technologies.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How was the Raj transformed from the jewel in Britain's imperial crown to the independent nations of India and Pakistan? Inevitably, the consequences of this bloody rupture marked the nature of political, social and economic rule that the British established in its wake. It is important to note that the Raj in Hindi meaning 'to rule' or 'kingdom' never encompassed the entire land mass of the sub-continent. Two-fifths of the sub-continent continued to be independently governed by over large and small principalities, some of whose rulers had fought the British during the 'Great Rebellion', but with whom the Raj now entered into treaties of mutual cooperation. Indeed the conservative elites of princely India and big landholders were to prove increasingly useful allies, who would lend critical monetary and military support during the two World Wars.

The British Raj was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from to . The Kingdom of Sikkim was established as a princely state after the Anglo-Sikkimese Treaty of ; however, the issue of sovereignty was left.
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Almost everyone in India knows this by heart — Britishers ruled India for years. We got rid of them in and Robert Clive won the battle of Plassey in , so that is a neat years. Here is how British rule in India looked like in Some other dates are pertinent: Mysore state was won over in , Marathas were finally defeated in , and Sikh empire was finally defeated only by There might be other smaller kingdoms that fought even later but these three were major powers of the sub-continent. It seems that we can with better accuracy say that the British took nearly years to conquer India and then ruled India for years. In fact, the suppression of the revolt is when the rule really consolidated and officially passed to the British Empire.

The whole was also more formally called the Indian Empire. This system of governance was instituted on 28 June , when, after the Indian Rebellion of , the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria [12] who, in , was proclaimed Empress of India. It lasted until , when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India later the Republic of India and the Dominion of Pakistan later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan , the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh. At the inception of the Raj in , Lower Burma was already a part of British India; Upper Burma was added in , and the resulting union, Burma Myanmar , was administered as an autonomous province until , when it became a separate British colony, gaining its own independence in The British Raj extended over almost all present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, except for small holdings by other European nations such as Goa and Pondicherry.

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