Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitlers Shadow by Susan Campbell BartolettiI begin with the young. We older ones are used up . . . But my magnificent youngsters! Look at these men and boys! What material! With them, I can create a new world. --Adolf Hitler, Nuremberg 1933
By the time Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, 3.5 million children belonged to the Hitler Youth. It would become the largest youth group in history. Susan Campbell Bartoletti explores how Hitler gained the loyalty, trust, and passion of so many of Germanys young people. Her research includes telling interviews with surviving Hitler Youth members.
German Youth Camp Scenes (1937)
In the early s, the Nazi party had established a youth movement led by Kurt Gruber, with the aim of attracting young men who could be trained to become members of the SA Stormtroopers. Adolf Hitler believed that the support of the youth was vital to the future of the third Reich and aimed, through the Hitler Youth programme, to produce a generation of loyal supporters of Nazi views. Posters were used to attract more members and membership rose from 5, in to 25, in
Susan Campbell Bartoletti
Hitler Youth , German Hitlerjugend , organization set up by Adolf Hitler in for educating and training male youth in Nazi principles. Under the leadership of Baldur von Schirach , head of all German youth programs, the Hitler Youth included by almost 60 percent of German boys. At age 13 the youth became eligible for the Hitler Youth, from which he was graduated at age Throughout these years he lived a spartan life of dedication, fellowship, and Nazi conformity, generally with minimum parental guidance. From age 18 he was a member of the Nazi Party and served in the state labour service and the armed forces until at least the age of Two leagues also existed for girls. Hitler Youth.
Holocaust and Human Behavior
At ten, boys were initiated into the Jungvolk Young People , and at 14 they were promoted to the Hitler Youth. And they will never be free again, not in their whole lives.
And even if they are still not complete National Socialists, they go to Labor Service and are smoothed out there for another six, seven months. And whatever class consciousness or social status might still be left. From the s onwards, the Nazi Party targeted German youth as a special audience for its propaganda messages. These messages emphasized that the Party was a movement of youth: dynamic, resilient, forward-looking, and hopeful. Millions of German young people were won over to Nazism in the classroom and through extracurricular activities.
The Hitler Youth was seen as being as important to a child as school was. In the early years of the Nazi government, Hitler had made it clear as to what he expected German children to be like:. I want young men and women who can suffer pain. Nazi education schemes part fitted in with this but Hitler wanted to occupy the minds of the young in Nazi Germany even more. By its membership stood at ,