Notes on some schizoid mechanisms

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notes on some schizoid mechanisms

Envy And Gratitude And Other Works 1946-1963 by The Melanie Klein Trust

A perfect introduction to Melanie Klein’s modern neuroscientific research.

Melanie Kleins writings, particularly on infant development and psychosis, have been crucial both to theoretical work and to clinical practice. Envy and Gratitude collects her writings from 1946 until her death in 1960, including two papers published posthumously.

Kleins major paper, Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms, introduces the concept of the paranoid-schizoid position, in which the infant ego splits, projects and introjects its objects - most particularly the mother - during the first few months of life. Envy and Gratitude, her last major work, introduces her theory of primary envy.
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Melanie Klein, Early Analysis, and the Question of Freedom - public lecture by Deborah Britzman

This chapter explores the importance of early paranoid and schizoid anxieties and mechanisms. For the schizoid mechanisms imply a dispersal of emotions including anxiety, but these dispersed elements still exist in the patient.
The Melanie Klein Trust

Paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Klein, M. Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms. Khan Eds. ABSTRACT: Based on the philosophy of Henri Bergson and the contemporary developments of Quantum Physics, I sought to demonstrate how these developments are incompatible with a positivist vision of reality, which is still influential in the scientific community. Specifically, in the field of Psychoanalysis, I have shown how this outdated epistemology has been responsible for a manic denial of the theories of Carl Gustav Jung and Wilfred Bion later stage as part of an immobilising allegiance to a schizo-paranoid functional tradition imposed by its founder.

In development psychology , Melanie Klein proposed a " psychic position theory" instead of a " psychic stage theory ". In object relations theory , the paranoid-schizoid position is a state of mind of children, from birth to four or six months of age. Melanie Klein [2] has described the earliest stages of infantile psychic life in terms of a successful completion of development through certain positions. A position, for Klein, is a set of psychic functions that correspond to a given phase of development, always appearing during the first year of life, but which are present at all times thereafter and can be reactivated at any time. There are two major positions: the paranoid-schizoid position and the subsequent depressive position.

I propose to summarize some of the conclusions presented in this paper. One of my main points was the suggestion that in the first few months of life anxiety is predominantly experienced as fear of persecution and that this contributes to certain mechanisms and defenses which characterize the paranoid and schizoid positions. Outstanding among these defenses is the mechanism of splitting internal and external objects, emotions, and the ego. These mechanisms and defenses are part of normal development and at the same time form the basis for later schizophrenic illness. I described the processes underlying identification by projection as a combination of splitting off parts of the self and projecting them on to another person, and some of the effects this identification has on normal and schizoid object relations.

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Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Klein, M.,

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