Joseph Stalin Quotes (Author of Dialectical and Historical Materialism)
A competition has been launched to find the "Name of Russia" — one Russian from history who should go down as a national symbol and the nation's biggest hero. Joseph Stalin, despite being one of the most vicious tyrants of the 20th century and an ethnic Georgian , makes it on to the initial long list of names, and is expected to garner a fair few votes. But while the German broadcaster ZDF has said that Adolf Hitler and all other Nazi leaders will be barred from running in the "Our Best" series due to start soon, the Russian version includes Stalin and several other Bolsheviks involved in the Great Terror in its long list. In a word, brutal. Stalin's most murderous episode came in the purges of the late s, when his paranoid regime executed thousands of Russians — or "enemies of the people" as they were described — who were suspected of disloyalty. Millions of others who avoided execution were sent to remote slave labour camps, known as gulags, where starvation and exhaustion were never far away.
Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to labor camps. At age 7, he contracted smallpox, leaving his face scarred. The other village children treated him cruelly, instilling in him a sense of inferiority. He also developed a cruel streak for those who crossed him. Stalin's mother, a devout Russian Orthodox Christian , wanted him to become a priest.
Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign. Born into poverty, Stalin became involved in revolutionary politics, as well as criminal activities, as a young man. After Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin died, Stalin outmaneuvered his rivals for control of the party. Once in power, he collectivized farming and had potential enemies executed or sent to forced labor camps. After his death, the Soviets initiated a de-Stalinization process. Joseph Stalin was born Josef Vissarionovich Djugashvili on December 18, , or December 6, , according to the Old Style Julian calendar although he later invented a new birth date for himself: December 21, , in the small town of Gori, Georgia , then part of the Russian empire.
How did Stalin get away with murder?
In the same period, more than a million others were sent to the labour camps of the Gulag, from where many would not return. - He oversaw the war machine that helped defeat Nazism and was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union for a quarter of a century.
Robert Service reconsiders Norman Pereira's revisionist account of Stalin's pursuit of power in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, first published in History Today in The generally agreed picture was simple. Stalin was ill-educated, unintellectual and uninterested in ideas. He was an arch-bureaucrat who put together a coalition of party secretaries who had no truly revolutionary intent and were preoccupied by a concern for bureaucratic privilege. By putting himself forward as their spokesman he transformed the Soviet Union into a state whose nature was at odds with the one that Lenin and Trotsky had in mind in the years after the October Revolution. This consensual analysis was impossible to substantiate, but it had a wide following among historians and political scientists despite the several bricks pulled out of the wall since the late s, when many long-standing features of conventional historiography came under attack. Pereira expressed unease about how Stalin had been portrayed.
One of the towering figures of the 20th century, things might have been very different for global politics had Stalin not been around. During his time as Soviet leader, he oversaw the Allied victory against Nazi Germany and the worsening of relations between the Soviet Union and the United States. Here are 10 facts about him. Born into poverty in to an alcoholic cobbler father and washerwoman mother, Stalin caught smallpox at the age of seven and was left with pockmarks on his face and a slightly deformed left arm. He was bullied by other children while also enduring beatings at the hands of his father.