Who Was Jackie Robinson? by Gail HermanAs a kid, Jackie Robinson loved sports. And why not? He was a natural at football, basketball, and, of course, baseball. But beyond athletic skill, it was his strength of character that secured his place in sports history. In 1947 Jackie joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking the long-time color barrier in major league baseball. It was tough being first- not only did fans send hate mail but some of his own teammates refused to accept him. Here is an inspiring sports biography, with black-and-white illustrations throughout.
In , MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams; he was the first professional athlete in any sport to be so honored. MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, " Jackie Robinson Day ", for the first time on April 15, , on which every player on every team wears No. Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence , and his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation that had then marked many other aspects of American life. He influenced the culture of and contributed significantly to the civil rights movement. After his death in , Robinson was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his achievements on and off the field. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, , into a family of sharecroppers in Cairo, Georgia.
He played as an infielder and outfielder for the Dodgers from through Jackie Robinson was reared in Pasadena , California. He withdrew from UCLA in his third year to help his mother care for the family. In he entered the U. Robinson led the Brooklyn Dodgers to six league championships and one World Series victory. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in He excelled in football, basketball , and track as well as baseball.
Birthplace of Jackie Robinson: First African American in Major League Baseball
Seventy years ago, Jackie Robinson stepped foot onto Ebbets Field as a Brooklyn Dodger for the first time, breaking the color barrier in baseball and changing the sport forever. Most people know him as the first African-American baseball player in Major League history, but few know that he was also much more: a veteran, a business man and a civil rights activist. He championed the right to first-class citizenship for all Americans. Celebrate JackieRobinsonDay by taking time to learn more about his life and and legacy with these 9 facts. He died 25 days before Robinson was born. Jackie lettered in football, basketball, track and baseball at UCLA.