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The Rise of the Nazis - History
The Holocaust is one of the most notorious acts of genocide in modern history. The many atrocities committed by Nazi Germany before and during World War II destroyed millions of lives and permanently altered the face of Europe. The Holocaust began in when Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany and ended in when the Nazis were defeated by the Allied powers.
The Holocaust: Facts & Remembrance
Approximately 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis between and , historians estimate, alongside a myriad of other groups they considered undesirable or dangerous, including the mentally and physically handicapped, the deaf, homosexuals, Communists, Poles and other Slavs, Roma or Gypsies, political dissidents or intellectuals, and many more. Researchers estimate that no fewer than 10 million non-combat, non-civilian casualties of World War II were a result of the brutal and targeted Nazi killing machine. The Nazis believed that Germans were a superior race of people destined to rule Europe and all its inferior classes, with Jews occupying the very bottom rung of the ethnic ladder. Though organized and widespread killing programs occurred during the war years, the persecution of the Jews actually began in the early s, when Hitler first came to power. Leading up to the war, Jews in Germany were forced to carry papers marking their religion and were subject to increasingly discriminatory laws. As the war began, Jewish populations throughout occupied territories in Central and Eastern Europe were pushed into designated neighborhoods called ghettos.
The Holocaust genocide, which occurred between and , is the deadliest genocide in history. The Holocaust genocide can be further understood through history and facts. These 10 facts about the Holocaust genocide do not even begin to cover the disturbing and horrific details of the historical tragedy. It is incredibly important to study the circumstances in which the Holocaust genocide was developed and executed in order to prevent any group of people from being treated in such an inhumane manner in the future. Photo: Flickr.
What follows are 10 facts based on these especially horrific and unique facets of the Second World War. Heydrich had died after the contamination of wounds suffered in an assassination attempt in Prague on 27 May They re-used the possessions of their victims as raw materials for the war effort, gifts for their soldiers and clothing for Germans bombed out of their homes. It was followed by Chelmno and Aushwitz in January The Nazis destroyed a number of death camps, such as Treblinka after an uprising in August Those remaining were liberated as the Allies advanced on Berlin. Including the diverse range of non-Jewish victims, the total death toll was upwards of 12,,
Since , the word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the mass murder of some 6 million European Jews as well as millions of others, including Gypsies and homosexuals by the German Nazi regime during the Second World War. To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were an inferior race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. Anti-Semitism in Europe did not begin with Adolf Hitler. Though use of the term itself dates only to the s, there is evidence of hostility toward Jews long before the Holocaust—even as far back as the ancient world, when Roman authorities destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem and forced Jews to leave Palestine. The Enlightenment , during the 17th and 18th centuries, emphasized religious toleration, and in the 19th century Napoleon and other European rulers enacted legislation that ended long-standing restrictions on Jews. Anti-Semitic feeling endured, however, in many cases taking on a racial character rather than a religious one.