Sex, Botany, and Empire: The Story of Carl Linnaeus and Joseph Banks by Patricia FaraEnlightenment botany was replete with sexual symbolism--to the extent that many botanical textbooks were widely considered pornographic. Carl Linnaeuss controversial new system for classifying plants based on their sexual characteristics, as well as his use of language resonating with erotic allusions, provoked intense public debate over the morality of botanical study. And the renowned Tahitian exploits of Joseph Banks--whose trousers were reportedly stolen while he was inside the tent of Queen Oberea of Tahiti--reinforced scandalous associations with the field. Yet Linnaeus and Banks became powerful political and scientific figures who were able to promote botanical exploration alongside the exploitation of territories, peoples, and natural resources. Sex, Botany, and Empire explores the entwined destinies of these two men and how their influence served both science and imperialism.
Patricia Fara reveals how Enlightenment botany, under the veil of rationality, manifested a drive to conquer, subdue, and deflower--all in the name of British empire. Linnaeus trained his traveling disciples in a double mission--to bring back specimens for the benefit of the Swedish economy and to spread the gospel of Linnaean taxonomy. Based in London at the hub of an international exchange and correspondence network, Banks ensured that Linnaeuss ideas became established throughout the world. As the president of the Royal Society for more than forty years, Banks revolutionized British science, and his innovations placed science at the heart of trade and politics. He made it a policy to collect and control resources not only for the sake of knowledge but also for the advancement of the empire. Although Linnaeus is often celebrated as modern botanys true founder, Banks has had a greater long-term impact. It was Banks who ensured that science and imperialism flourished together, and it was he who first forged the interdependent relationship between scientific inquiry and the state that endures to this day.
Carolus Linnaeus 23 May — 10 January was a Swedish botanist , physician and zoologist who created the binomial nomenclature. He was a good linguist , and famous in his time. He was made a noble by the Swedish king. Carl was born in Sweden. He was going to be a priest, but did not do well enough in school for that. Instead his interest in botany got him started studying at a college for this. Carl studied in Lund and tried to make something of the garden there.
Carl Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who Many of his writings were in Latin and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnaeus. 2. 30 Interesting And Fun Facts About Pablo Picasso · newer.
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Scientists today place all life in neat categories with sensible names that do not change. A few hundred years ago, though, scientists gave plants and animals long Latin names and often changed those names at will. Carl Linnaeus changed that when he developed an organized system that is still used today. Answer: After his death, his widow, Sara, sold them to James Edward Smith, an Englishman who formed the Linnaean Society of London, an organization that still exists today. Declan, Tobin.
Toggle navigation. Carolus Linnaeus Facts Carolus Linneus May 23, to January 10, , also remembered as Carl Linnaeus, was a Swedish zoologist and botanist his work led to the creation of modern-day biological nomenclature for classifying organisms. This work has led to Linnaeus' distinction as the father of taxonomy. Interesting Carolus Linnaeus Facts: Linnaeus was born in a rural region of Sweden, only the second generation to have a permanent last name. Until Carolus was born, the family had always used the patrilineal naming system common in many Scandinavian countries.