Brown V. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement by Michael J. KlarmanA splendid account of the Supreme Courts rulings on race in the first half of the twentieth century, From Jim Crow To Civil Rights earned rave reviews and won the Bancroft Prize for History in 2005. Now, in this marvelously abridged, paperback edition, Michael J. Klarman has compressed his acclaimed study into tight focus around one major case--Brown v. Board of Education--making the path-breaking arguments of his original work accessible to a broader audience of general readers and students.
In this revised and condensed edition, Klarman illuminates the impact of the momentous Brown v. Board of Education ruling. He offers a richer, more complex understanding of this pivotal decision, going behind the scenes to examine the justices deliberations and reconstruct why they found the case so difficult to decide. He recaps his famous backlash thesis, arguing that Brown was more important for mobilizing southern white opposition to change than for encouraging civil rights protest, and that it was only the resulting violence that transformed northern opinion and led to the landmark legislation of the 1960s. Klarman also sheds light on broader questions such as how judges decide cases; how much they are influenced by legal, political, and personal considerations; the relationship between Supreme Court decisions and social change; and finally, how much Court decisions simply reflect societal values and how much they shape those values.
Brown v. Board of Education was one of the most important decisions in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court. Klarmans brilliant analysis of this landmark case illuminates the course of American race relations as it highlights the relationship between law and social reform.
Acclaim for From Jim Crow to Civil Rights:
A major achievement. It bestows upon its fortunate readers prodigious research, nuanced judgment, and intellectual independence.
--Randall Kennedy, The New Republic
--The New York Review of Books
A sweeping, erudite, and powerfully argued book...unfailingly interesting.
Civil Rights Movement for Kids: Brown vs Board of Education (Black History)
History - Brown v. Board of Education Re-enactment
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. In , the Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that racially segregated public facilities were legal, so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal. But by the early s, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP was working hard to challenge segregation laws in public schools, and had filed lawsuits on behalf of plaintiffs in states such as South Carolina , Virginia and Delaware. The case went before the U.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , U.
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George C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, James M. Nabrit l-r in front of the Supreme court, after winning Brown v. Board of Education. The Brown v.
Skip to main navigation. Although the Declaration of Independence stated that "All men are created equal," due to the institution of slavery, this statement was not to be grounded in law in the United States until after the Civil War and, arguably, not completely fulfilled for many years thereafter. In , the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified and finally put an end to slavery. Moreover, the Fourteenth Amendment strengthened the legal rights of newly freed slaves by stating, among other things, that no state shall deprive anyone of either "due process of law" or of the "equal protection of the law. Despite these Amendments, African Americans were often treated differently than whites in many parts of the country, especially in the South. In fact, many state legislatures enacted laws that led to the legally mandated segregation of the races. In other words, the laws of many states decreed that blacks and whites could not use the same public facilities, ride the same buses, attend the same schools, etc.