The History Book Club - AFRICA: GERMAN EAST AFRICA Showing 1-20 of 20
European colonization of Africa : Every Year
Togoland was conquered by British forces from the Gold Coast now Ghana and by French forces from Dahomey now Benin in the first month of the war. In the Cameroons German: Kamerun , invaded by Allied forces from the south, the east, and the northwest in August and attacked from the sea in the west, the Germans put up a more effective resistance, and the last German stronghold there, Mora, held out until February 18, Operations by South African forces in huge numerical superiority were launched against German South West Africa Namibia in September but were held up by the pro-German rebellion of certain South African officers who had fought against the British in the South African War of —
The loss of the German colonies
The German colonization of Africa took place during two distinct periods. In the s, the Margraviate of Brandenburg , then leading the broader realm of Brandenburg-Prussia , pursued limited imperial efforts in West Africa. The Brandenburg African Company was chartered in and established two small settlements on the Gold Coast of what is today Ghana. Five years later, a treaty with the king of Arguin in Mauritania established a protectorate over that island, and Brandenburg occupied an abandoned fort originally constructed there by Portugal. Brandenburg — after , the Kingdom of Prussia — pursued these colonial efforts until , when Arguin was captured by the French and the Gold Coast settlements were sold to the Dutch Republic. Over a century and a half later, the unified German Empire had emerged as a major world power.
The German colonial empire German : Deutsches Kolonialreich constituted the overseas colonies, dependencies and territories of Imperial Germany. Unified in the early 's, the chancellor of this time period was Otto von Bismarck. Short-lived attempts of colonization by individual German states had occurred in preceding centuries, but crucial colonial efforts only began in with the Scramble for Africa. Claiming much of the left-over uncolonized areas in the Scramble for Africa , Germany managed to build the third largest colonial empire at the time, after the British and French. Germany lost control of its colonial empire when the First World War began in and many of its colonies were seized by the Allies during the first weeks of the war.
Germany was a late entrant into the race for colonies in Africa. Chancellor Otto von Bismarck was initially not a colonial expansionist. His preoccupation was the unification of Germany and its attaining a preeminent role in European politics. However, following the unification of Germany in , the issue of colonies began to preoccupy German society and leadership, and various lobbying groups exerted pressure on the government to be proactive in the acquisition of colonies in Africa, arguing that Germany needed colonies to maintain its economic preeminence. Bismarck came to envision colonies as a stabilizing force in domestic politics by emphasizing nationalism and the greatness of Germany internationally. Bismarck was a pragmatist, however, and his drive to acquire colonies in Africa was largely a function of economic considerations in the emerging imperial world order, European diplomacy, and domestic politics.
This list may be incomplete, you can help by expanding it. These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia part of the Holy Roman Empire realm , since Kingdom of Prussia , before the foundation of the German Empire in These territories were held briefly under lease or occupation during the early European colonization of the New World. These are colonies settled by and controlled by the German Empire from to Those territories constituted the German Colonial Empire. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.