Tambora: The Eruption That Changed the World by Gillen DArcy WoodWhen Indonesias Mount Tambora erupted in 1815, it unleashed the most destructive wave of extreme weather the world has witnessed in thousands of years. The volcanos massive sulfate dust cloud enveloped the Earth, cooling temperatures and disrupting major weather systems for more than three years. Communities worldwide endured famine, disease, and civil unrest on a catastrophic scale.
Here, Gillen DArcy Wood traces Tamboras global and historical reach: how the volcanos three-year climate change regime initiated the first worldwide cholera pandemic, expanded opium markets in China, and plunged the United States into its first economic depression. Bringing the history of this planetary emergency to life, Tambora sheds light on the fragile interdependence of climate and human societies to offer a cautionary tale about the potential tragic impacts of drastic climate change in our own century.
1815 eruption of Mount Tambora
On April 10, , Mt. Tambora triggered an explosive eruption. Not only did it explode volcanic ash, but Pumice rocks and volcanic ash have flown shooting out cubic km of pyroclastic material volcanic ash. The area that was blanketed in ash is also currently approximately the distance from the drive from Boston to Wichita, Kansas. The Great eruption reduced the volcano to half its former size. Tambora is still a large stratovolcano m tall and km 3 in volume located on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa part of the Lesser Sunda Islands.
This is a difficult mountain to reach let alone climb. Few non-Indonesian visitors ever make it to this remote corner of northern Sumbawa and far fewer still to the top of mighty Mount Tambora. In this was the site of the most powerful volcanic explosion in modern history - an explosion that was heard as far away as Batavia modern day Jakarta. The mountain was reduced from 4, m to 2, m. The explosion, which was far bigger than that of Krakatoa in , devastated the peninsula on which Tambora is located, killing many thousands of people outright and rendering much of the country uninhabitable for years to come. The resulting famine led to thousands of more deaths. To reach Tambora you need to get to the village of Pancasila.
The eruption of Mount Tambora was one of the most powerful in recorded history, with a Location, Sumbawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Dutch East Indies.
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Mount Tambora , or Tomboro , is an active stratovolcano in the northern part of Sumbawa , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. It was formed due to the active subduction zones beneath it, and before its eruption , it was more than 4, metres 14, feet high, making it one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago.
Tambora is a stratovolcano , forming the Sanggar peninsula of Sumbawa Island. The diameter of the volcano at sea-level is about 38 miles 60 km. Prior to the eruption , the volcano may have been as tall as 13, feet 4, m. The eruption formed a caldera about 4 miles 6 km in diameter. The caldera is 3, feet 1, m deep. The eruption of Tambora was the largest eruption in historic time.
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